Melasma could be a common skin condition within which brown spots appear. Melasma most frequently affects the skin of the face. It may also develop on the forearms and neck.
Melasma isn't a significant disease. But it can affect how you look and how you feel about it.
Change in coloring is the only symptom of melasma. Brown spots don't hurt, itch, or are physically affected. Usually, the spots are uniform brown in color and symmetrical. they incline to look at the cheeks, forehead, nose, or upper lip.
What causes melasma?
Doctors do not know exactly what causes melasma. It probably happens when the color-producing cells within the skin produce too many pigments. Anyone can tumble, but it's more common among young women. The condition is commonly related to the feminine hormones: estrogen and progesterone. you're at higher risk of developing melasma if you're a girl who:
Take contraception pills.
Take hormone replacement therapy.
She is pregnant. Melasma often appears during pregnancy, within the second or trimester. it's sometimes called the 'pregnancy mask.'
Being within the sun too long and too often also puts you in danger for this condition. Melasma is common in those that sleep in tropical climates. those who have darker skin are more likely to induce it.
How is melasma diagnosed?
Your doctor is ready to tell if you've got melasma by watching your skin. He may use a special lamp (called a Wood's lamp) that uses ultraviolet illumination for a more detailed examination of his skin. In rare cases, your doctor might want to require a small piece of your skin (biopsy) to ensure the brown spots are melasma.
Can melasma be prevented or avoided?
Since doctors don't always know what causes melasma, it may be difficult to stop. the most effective thanks to avoiding this can be to use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high protection factor daily. you must also wear a hat with a large brim to safeguard your face whenever you get into the sun.
Most people with melasma don't need treatment. Melasma may slowly escape if you stop taking contraception pills or hormone replacement therapy. If melasma develops during pregnancy, it will depart some months after you've got the baby.
If melasma doesn't flee or bother you, it is often treated. Your doctor will likely prescribe a cream that contains hydroquinone. Creams that combine hydroquinone with kojic acid, azelaic acid, tretinoin, corticosteroids, or glycollic acid can even be wont to treat melasma. Sometimes, your doctor may recommend a chemical peel, microdermabrasion, or laser treatment to lighten dark spots. take Triluma Cream 15 gm for Melasma and Tretinoin Cream 0.025 for Acne
living with melasma
It may take several months before you see the results of the treatment. it is important to follow your doctor's recommendations, whether or not you haven't seen any improvement yet.
You may have to treat your skin even after your melasma clears up. this will help keep it from returning. it's also important to avoid being under the sun and use sunscreen daily. this may also help prevent the melasma from coming.